Asperger syndrome and autism spectrum disorder according to the fifth diagnostic manual (DSM-5).

Asperger Syndrome And Autism Spectrum Disorder According To The Fifth Diagnostic Manual (dsm-5).

asperger syndrome, It is a diagnosis that was previously used in autism spectrum disorder. In 2013, Asperger syndrome became part of the comprehensive diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Developmental Disorders (DSM-5).

Asperger syndrome is characterized by strong verbal language skills and high intellectual ability.

Asperger syndrome includes:

  • Difficulty in social interactions.
  • Limited interests.
  • Over-ordering.
  • Distinctive strengths.

Strengths can include:

  • Focus and strong observation.
  • Ability to recognize patterns.
  • Focus and attention to details.

Challenges can include:

  • Excessive sensitivity to (lights, sounds, and taste).
  • Difficulty starting and ending a conversation.
  • Difficulty with non-verbal conversation skills (distance, loudness, tone).
  • Uncoordinated movements.
  • Anxiety and depression.

The challenges described above may vary significantly from one individual to another. Therefore, Many individuals diagnosed with Asperger syndrome learn to overcome their challenges by building on their strengths.

Although the diagnosis of Asperger syndrome is no longer used, However, many people who were previously diagnosed continue to be very strong and positive.

What services help individuals with Asperger syndrome:

1- Cognitive behavioral therapy can help address anxiety and other personal challenges.

2- Social skills training classes can help improve conversation skills and understanding social cues.

3- Speech therapy can help the individual control the tone of voice.

4- Physical and occupational therapy can improve coordination in movements.

5- Medications can help manage anxiety, depression, and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

How has our understanding of Asperger’s syndrome evolved?

1944: Austrian pediatrician Hans Asperger described four broadly similar diagnosed individuals who had normal to high intelligence, But they lacked social skills and had very limited interests.

1981: British psychiatrist Lorna Wing published a series of similar case studies in which she coined the term “Asperger’s syndrome.”

1994 : Asperger syndrome is included in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Developmental Disorders (DSM-4).

2013 : Asperger syndrome and other previously separate types of autism spectrum disorder are combined into one comprehensive diagnosis of “autism spectrum disorder” in the DSM-5.

Reference:

What Is Asperger Syndrome? | Autism Speaks

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