Adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

Adult Attention-deficit/hyperactivity Disorder (adhd)

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in adults

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Adult attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a disorder that includes a group of persistent problems, Such as difficulty paying attention, hyperactivity, and impulsive behavior, The disorder in adults can lead to the formation of unstable relationships, poor performance at work or school, Low self-esteem and some other problems.

Although it is called adult ADHD, However, symptoms begin in early childhood and continue into adulthood. In some cases, ADHD may not be recognized or diagnosed until the person is an adult. The symptoms of the disorder in adults may not be as clear as the symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children. In adults, hyperactivity may decrease, but impulsiveness, anxiety, and distraction may continue.

Treatment for ADHD in adults may be similar to: Treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in childhood, Treatment for adults includes medications and psychological counseling (psychotherapy).

Symptoms

Symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder decrease in individuals as they age. While some adults continue to develop major symptoms that can interfere with daily functioning, The main features of ADHD are difficulty paying attention, impulsivity, and restlessness, and symptoms can range from mild to severe.

Many adults with ADHD may not realize they have the disorder. Therefore, they may find it difficult to focus and set priorities, which may lead to forgetting important appointments, meetings, or social plans. Also, the inability to control impulsivity, lack of patience, and waiting in line or while driving can lead to mood swings and angry outbursts.

Symptoms of ADHD in adults may include:

  • Impulsiveness.
  • Not arranging tasks according to priority.
  • Not managing time well.
  • Difficulty concentrating.
  • Difficulty when multitasking.
  • Hyperactivity or restlessness.
  • Not planning well.
  • Decreased stamina.
  • Frequent mood swings.
  • Not completing tasks.
  • Difficulty dealing with stress.

What is habitual behavior and what is ADHD?

Symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may be similar for individuals at some point in their lives. Therefore, if the difficulties that may occur are recent or have only occurred in the past, this is a possibility that your ADHD may be enslaved.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is diagnosed when the symptoms are severe and persistent, and these persistent symptoms can be traced back to early childhood.

Is it easy to diagnose ADHD in adults?

A diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may be made In adults, it is difficult because some of the symptoms of the disorder may be similar to some of other conditions, such as anxiety or mood disorders. Many adults diagnosed with ADHD suffer from at least one other mental health condition, Such as depression or anxiety.

When should you see a doctor?

If any of the above symptoms are constantly disrupting your life, you should talk to a doctor about whether you have symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

Health care professionals may diagnose and supervise ADHD. You should look for a professional who has experience and training in caring for adults diagnosed with ADHD.

What are the causes of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder?

The exact cause of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is not clear, and studies on the subject are continuing until now.

Therefore, the factors listed below may include some of the reasons for the development of ADHD:

Genetic factors:

can be hereditary, Studies suggest that genes may play an important role.

Environmental factors : _

Certain environmental factors may also increase the risk.

Some of the factors during growth:

Central nervous system problems may play an important role.

Risk factors

The risk of being diagnosed with ADHD may increase if:

  • A relative diagnosed, Such as a parent or sibling.
  • Smoking or using alcohol and drugs during pregnancy.
  • Exposure to environmental toxins – such as lead found mainly in paint and pipes in older buildings.
  • Birth before term (premature).

Complications

Examples of complications that may be associated with ADHD that can make an individual’s life difficult:

  • Poor performance at school or work.
  • The unemployment.
  • Financial problems.
  • Misuse of alcohol or other substances.
  • Frequent car accidents or other accidents.
  • Unstable relationships.
  • Poor physical and mental health.
  • Self-depreciation.
  • Resorting to suicide.

How to cope with an individual diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Other disorders can interfere with ADHD, so treatment may become more difficult.

Many adults diagnosed with ADHD may also have mood disorders, and depression, Bipolar disorder or another mood disorder, While mood problems may not necessarily be directly due to ADHD, failures and frustration due to the disorder can lead to other problems as well.

Anxiety disorders include severe anxiety, extreme nervousness, Anxiety disorder can be exacerbated by the challenges and difficulties caused by ADHD.

There are some other psychological disorders, such as personality disorders, addiction, or learning difficulties.

These disorders can affect academic tests, including learning difficulties or problems with understanding and communication.

Reference:

Adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) – Symptoms and causes – Mayo Clinic

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